Category Archives: Articles on Education

The Shifting Paradigm: Who Is the Intellectual of the 21st Century?

The Shifting Paradigm: Who Is the Intellectual of the 21st Century?
Farahani, Alireza Jalali

International Education Journal, v6 n4 p512-515 Sep 2005
|The world is in a constant state of flux and as a consequence, definitions and perceptions of the word “intellectual” are subject to change. This paper undertakes a succinct historical review regarding this notion by considering two paradigms, which are called here the “Lake Paradigm” and the “Well Paradigm”. It is argued that these two paradigms fail to educate the intellectual of 21st century. Then a new paradigm, the “Valley Paradigm,” is put forward, which is thought to be capable of educating a new generation of intellectuals. (Contains 3 figures.)|

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About Articles on Education

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein said, “The only thing that interferes with my learning is my education.” We don’t want that to be the case for your child. As a parent, I’m sure you’ve heard the question, “But why,” so many times. “Why is algebra, chemistry or art appreciation important for my life, and when will I ever use it?” You probably know that sometimes the truthful answer may be, “Probably never,” but you shrug off the question with, “Go do your homework.” Yet, you’re left wondering if good parents should force their kids to learn something they don’t want to learn.

Hopefully, these articles will serve as an encouragement to you, and provide some fresh ideas on how to spark a fire for learning in your child. Enjoy and feel free to comment on whether the post was helpful or not. You are also welcome to make article suggestions, so we can better serve you.

Generating Knowledge and Avoiding Plagiarism: Smart Information Use by High School Students

“The article reports phase 2 of a two-year study, dubbed the Smart Information Use project, the focus of which was appropriate seeking and use of information by students at various stages of their high school education, along with the avoidance of plagiarism. In four Australian high schools, teacher librarians and classroom teachers developed and trailed strategies to teach students how to avoid plagiarism. Each school used action research and one of two pedagogical approaches, referred to as “instructional practice” and “inquiry learning.” University researchers undertook evaluation using an interpretivist/constructivist framework. Students, teachers, and teacher librarians were interviewed, mostly in focus groups. The strategies used in both approaches are described, along with the findings of the evaluation. Both approaches were found to help students to avoid plagiarism. The discussion section includes student and teacher predictions about changes in future practice, the importance of student engagement with topics, and assessment issues. The conclusion discusses the lessons learned, focusing particularly on the need for a whole-school policy if plagiarism is to be counteracted. Good collaboration between teachers and teacher librarians is crucial. The two pedagogical approaches, taken together, provide a powerful repertoire of ideas that can be implemented over time in any secondary school anywhere.”

This article is written by these two scholars:

Kirsty Williamson, Director, Information and Telecommunications Needs Research, Caulfield School of Information Technology, Monash University and, School of Information Studies, Charles Sturt University

Joy McGregor retired senior lecturer and current adjunct senior lecturer, School of Information Studies, Charles Sturt University

The full article can be downloaded here: